Reading Difficulties

Signs of Reading Difficulties

People who experience reading difficulties often have a weakness in sounding out words and may never become fully fluent readers.

Signs that a child may be at risk of reading problems:

Young children:

  • a mild delay in learning to talk
  • difficulty pronouncing words past the usual age, “baby-talk”, “pisgetti” instead of “spagetti”
  • difficulty learning words that rhyme, may have trouble learning nursery rhymes

Early school age:

  • difficulty learning the names of letters and the sounds they make (by the end of kindergarten children should know the names and sounds of all 26 letters of the alphabet, plus some double-letter sounds)
  • not progressing through the expected levels in leveled book systems in reading
  • not remembering the sight words for their grade level
  • when speaking, may fill in with words like “stuff” and “thing” when they can’t recall the names of items
  • not reading at the end of Grade 1
  • difficulty tying shoes

Later school age:

  • reading below grade level
  • not decoding, over-relying on context clues
  • inserting words that have similar meanings, but looking very different (i.e. “car” for “automobile”)
  • missing small words in the text (e.g. the)
  • reading is choppy, stilted, has poor rhythm
  • poor spelling
  • poor handwriting

Reading difficulties have a negative affect on:

  • learning in all areas of school
  • developing self-esteem
  • reaching future academic and career goals

Reading difficulties run in families, so parents, sibling, aunts, uncles or cousins may also have had reading difficulties.

readingdifficultiesI believe in early intervention and second chances to become a proficient reader.

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